Lecture 4 was talking about the 18th century onwards and about protests for and against art, it included the turnover of the middle class purposes and ideas. Specifically we looked at the Black Panther Movement, or Black Panther party (BPP). They were a black revolutionary socialist organisation and were famously called “The greatest threat to the internal security of the USA” by Director J. Edgar Hoover. They became a symbol of counter culture in the 1960s and began to campaign for equality for all, regardless of race and they condemned black nationalism as black racism. They instituted a variety of community social programs designed to alleviate poverty, improve health among inner city black communities, and soften the Party’s public image
They had a 10 step programme they wanted to achieve: The Ten Point Plan
- WE WANT FREEDOM. WE WANT POWER TO DETERMINE THE DESTINY OF OUR BLACK AND OPPRESSED COMMUNITIES.
- WE WANT FULL EMPLOYMENT FOR OUR PEOPLE.
- WE WANT AN END TO THE ROBBERY BY THE CAPITALISTS OF OUR BLACK AND OPPRESSED COMMUNITIES.
- WE WANT DECENT HOUSING, FIT FOR THE SHELTER OF HUMAN BEINGS.
- WE WANT DECENT EDUCATION FOR OUR PEOPLE THAT EXPOSES THE TRUE NATURE OF THIS DECADENT AMERICAN SOCIETY. WE WANT EDUCATION THAT TEACHES US OUR TRUE HISTORY AND OUR ROLE IN THE PRESENT-DAY SOCIETY.
- WE WANT COMPLETELY FREE HEALTH CARE FOR All BLACK AND OPPRESSED PEOPLE.
- WE WANT AN IMMEDIATE END TO POLICE BRUTALITY AND MURDER OF BLACK PEOPLE, OTHER PEOPLE OF COLOR, All OPPRESSED PEOPLE INSIDE THE UNITED STATES.
- WE WANT AN IMMEDIATE END TO ALL WARS OF AGGRESSION.
- WE WANT FREEDOM FOR ALL BLACK AND OPPRESSED PEOPLE NOW HELD IN U. S. FEDERAL, STATE, COUNTY, CITY AND MILITARY PRISONS AND JAILS. WE WANT TRIALS BY A JURY OF PEERS FOR All PERSONS CHARGED WITH SO-CALLED CRIMES UNDER THE LAWS OF THIS COUNTRY.
- WE WANT LAND, BREAD, HOUSING, EDUCATION, CLOTHING, JUSTICE, PEACE AND PEOPLE’S COMMUNITY CONTROL OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY.
We also looked at Bobby Seale, scaring the white society and 1960’s TV Culture, my favorite programme from this time was bewitched, and it was one of the only ones featuring a woman as a main character. The guys in most 1960s shows were cool and appealed to the youth, like Fonzy from happy days. They ensured the characters in the shows were likable, used rationalism and made use of african culture. This was shown alot in music, such as album covers with political messages preaching peace and no war.
Emory Douglas was the minister for culture in the black panther party, his graphic art was featured in most of the issues of the black panther newspaper, he was famous for illustrating black people in the newspaper with empathy, encouraging action. He was a self taught artist who cared feminism and community, he was from Cuba and against american culture. He created a black panther coloring book, his images were often dramatic but the american “FBI” created fake illustrations citing violence and blamed the black panthers, and people believed it! his images were cheaply produced, with thick bold outlines and collages.
There was alot of idealogy involved at this time, everything is an image. We were encouraged the question the meaning of everything, and facts were open to interpretation. Helvetica font was invented and it was modern and purposeful and easy to read, it was a big leap forward in graphics and it’s seen as a streamlined modernist font!